A valuation model is a framework or tool that is used to determine the true worth of an asset or a company. The main objective of a valuation model is to establish the value of an asset by considering various factors such as its characteristics, market conditions, and other relevant aspects.

In finance, valuation models are frequently utilized to assess the fair value of financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, and options. In the case of businesses, a valuation model can be employed to estimate the value of a company or a project based on various factors such as financial statements, market position, growth potential, and other relevant aspects.

Valuation models generally require both quantitative and qualitative analysis. Quantitative analysis involves utilizing financial ratios, cash flow projections, and other metrics, while qualitative analysis involves examining factors such as industry trends, competition, and management quality. Some of the most commonly used valuation models include discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis, comparable company analysis (CCA), precedent transaction analysis (PTA), and asset-based valuation.